What is a Microgrid?

A microgrid is a small-scale power grid that can operate independently or in conjunction with the area’s main electrical grid. Any small-scale localized station with its own power resources, generation and loads and definable boundaries qualifies as a microgrid.

Most microgrids can be further described by one of five categories:

  • Off-grid microgrids including islands, remote sites, and other microgrid systems not connected to a local utility network.
  • Campus microgrids that are fully interconnected with a local utility grid, but can also maintain some level of service in isolation from the grid, such as during a utility outage. Typical examples serve university and corporate campuses, prisons, and military bases.
  • Community microgrids that are integrated into utility networks. Such microgrids serve multiple customers or services within a community, generally to provide resilient power for vital community assets.
  • District Energy microgrids that provide electricity as well as thermal energy for heating (and cooling) of multiple facilities.
  • Nanogrids comprised of the smallest discrete network units with the capability to operate independently. A nanogrid can be defined as a single building or a single energy domain.

Open FMB

Open Field Message Bus (OpenFMB) is a framework and reference architecture comprised of existing standards that enables grid edge interoperability and distributed intelligence, augments operational systems, and enhances integration with field devices.

The increasing number of natural disasters and aging infrastructure are endangering our communities.  Facilities, institutions and residential users that cannot afford even a short interruption to their operation from a power outage can take control of their destiny by bring energy generation, distribution and management on-site. 


For example, during the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake in Japan,  many faculties from Tokyo to Fukushima started to suffer power outage with in the first 5 minuets. City power stations including Biomass, Coal, Wind and Solar were undamaged but could not deliver power. However, universities and faculties with support of microgrids recovered immediately. 

David Tam

David has 20 years of experience helping U.S. and international firms grow and expand their business. He specializes in sustainable energy, real estate investment, technology licensing, global business management, foreign and direct investment management, joint venture and foreign strategic partnership. David has 5 years of direct experience in the microgrid sector with a focus on international and North West US opportunities. David is also Vice Chair of Oregon Commission on Asian Pacific Islander Affairs which is the advisory group to the governor of Oregon and a former commissioner of the City of Eugene sustainability commission.

Fazil Parappurath

Fazil is leading the finance team at R2B to secure funding and assess financial feasibility of microgrid projects. He believes that distributed energy technology like microgrids have huge potential not only for resiliency but also in eradicating energy poverty. His life goal is to develop products and services which improve people’s life, especially in the developing and under developed parts of the world. He has more than 10 years experience in various roles in the technology sector and completed his MBA in Innovation & Entrepreneurship from University of Oregon. Fazil also has experience assessing investment opportunities for Willamette Angel Conference and University of Oregon Seed Fund.


Bowen Yuan

Bowen is story teller who can use numbers and data analysis to tell stories and then make them true. With great passion in green energy, Bowen dedicates himself into microgrids industry and firmly believe it is the solution for future energy. Bowen has over five years experiences in project management, consulting, and financial analysis. He also has international experience in commercial banking and emerging market equity investment. He earned his MBA degree from Cameron Center of Finance and Securities Analysis at University of Oregon.


Tyler Young

Tyler is a Research Analyst who has a strong interest in Data Analytics and Sustainability. Tyler believes that there is extreme potential at the intersection of his interests to create a more efficient, profitable, and sustainable economy. Tyler has garnered the skills to be able to accurately depict Life Cycle Assessment analysis’ and be able to ask and answer relevant questions from Data. Tyler has received his Bachelor’s in Economics from the University of Oregon and is a graduate from North Eastern University’s Data Analytics program. Tyler is focusing his efforts on learning Data Analytics and Blockchain technologies.


Cole Sito

Cole is a third-year graduate student with a strong expertise in energy law and financial analytics. He uses this knowledge at R2B to assess both the legal complexity and economic feasibility of microgrid projects and their financing partnerships. His goal is to inform clients of the various avenues for the development of a microgrid, and then work with them to understand how their own microgrid can be tailored to maximize the fiscal, environmental, or reliability benefits that they require. Cole is currently earning both his J.D. and M.B.A degrees from the University of Oregon.


James McDougall

James McDougall, who has held several Executive and Non-Executive Board assignments in North America, Asia and Europe as CEO and Managing Director, has joined R2B Microgrid Solutions as an advisor. James is an entrepreneur, CEO, global connector, advisor, venture capitalist and start-up professional with global experience in building high performing teams, commercializing new technologies, leading companies in their crossing of the chasm, implementing strategic pivots, turnarounds and positioning for rapid growth and value creation. Won numerous Cleantech and technology pioneer awards at several companies as CEO of several cutting edge energy storage companies.



Municipality in Central Oregon

A small city in Central Oregon wants to establish community scale microgrid that encompasses 5 sites that have been identified as critical facilities. They consist of the waste treatment facility, city hall, water intake facility, maintenance facility that may have community solar and an emergency response site. The city has lost all faith in the utility as they have experienced multiple outages and at times these outages have lasted days. With these outages, it has affected the ability for the city to attract companies for economic development purposes.

Solar In Your Community Challenge


R2B with its partners want to provide a member-owned community microgrid model that enables individuals to directly own panels in a community solar farm on reservation.

By working in partnership with Indigenous groups, we will partner with other organizations to implement an on-site educational program around renewable energy to promote clean tech jobs and added economic development opportunities to the community.

Commercial building with solar near Portland, OR

This project consisting of multiple buildings and tenants is located near Portland, Oregon. The goal of this project is to highlight the benefits of a Grid-tied Solar and Battery Energy Storage System based Microgrid. This project is a demonstration site for islanding operations, resiliency during outages, economic benefits of energy storage systems in net metering as well as the open source OpenFMB microgrid control platform.

Eco-District in Willamette Valley

A 1.1 square mile redevelopment project led by a city in Willamette Valley, Oregon. A city refinement plan has been developed and identified that this destination will be a showcase site that encompasses the most sustainable practices and become the first eco-district project. The electrical grid is unable to support redevelopment which is impeding the speed and interest of development. Currently, the city is supporting developers in establishing a hotel and conference center that will entail a series of buildings to be identified as phase 1. The hotel consists of 200 rooms and 42k sq ft conference center with a parking structure and various commercial buildings such as retail, office, restaurants and service-oriented businesses.


Spring Housing

R2B Microgrid Solutions and Spring Capital announced the formation of a strategic partnership, to design and develop Microgrid Solutions for residential sub-division and commercial/industrial projects.


1st Largest Green community in Easten Oregon

A 50 acre site located in Eugene, Oregon will be developed into a large 200 high end residential subdivision with homes. Many homes in that subdivision are 3,000 square feet or larger with a asking prices between $580,000 and $890,000 with a large community area and potentially a community space. A 200‐house subdivision would be Eugene’s largest single‐family residential development in more than a decade.


2nd Largest Green community in Easten Oregon

Another 50 acre site located in the eastern Oregon will be developed into a large 176 Unit residential subdivision in four phases. Phase 1 will include 68 Single Family homes. Phase 2 will include 20 Single family homes and 18 Townhomes. Phase 3 will include 24 Single Family homes and 18 Townhomes. Phase 4 will have 28 Single family homes. In total 140 Single Family and 36 Duplex Townhomes will be constructed over the 4-phase construction. A 176‐unit subdivision would be the 2nd largest residential development in more than a decade in that area.



Renewable Tribe in Canada

This project is a Native Canadian Tribe located in Canada. Located in the remote area, the tribe relies on a lot of diesel gen-sets for power resulting in high cost of power and adverse environmental impacts due to its interests in developing renewable energy microgrid as part of the economic development plan for the tribal members. The microgrid will provide consistent, reliable and resilient power to meet the current power requirements of the tribe as well as enable the tribe to sell the excess power generated by the utility.



Chen Huo

Chen Huo graduated from Northeast Electric Power (Dianli) University in China in 2011 with a B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Automation. He got his Master of Science and PhD degree in Electrical Engineering at Oregon State University in 2015 and 2018. His research interests include power system analysis and protection, power system resiliency, and Microgrid.


Brock Smedley

Brock is a full-stack developer with a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science from Oregon State University. Brock draws experience from his time at Intel and Daimler where he worked on scalable hosting and networking infrastructure.


Ferdinand Pongratz

Ferdinand Pongratz brings an international background and business development expertise to his work at R2B. He has over four years of experience in managing for-profit and non-profit organizations and has been deeply involved into blockchain industry in the past several years. He graduated with Bachelor’s degrees in Management and Entrepreneurship from Oregon State University. He is fluent in English and German.